Scalp scarring

Scalp scarring

Definition: Scalp scarring refers to the formation of scar tissue on the scalp, replacing healthy hair follicles and preventing hair growth. This can occur due to various reasons, including:

Injuries: Burns, lacerations, or surgical procedures can leave scar tissue on the scalp.
Infections: Bacterial or fungal infections like folliculitis or carbuncles can damage hair follicles and lead to scarring.
Inflammatory skin conditions: Chronic scalp conditions like psoriasis or lichen planus can cause inflammation and scarring.
Hair loss procedures: Follicular unit extraction (FUE) or strip harvesting in hair transplant surgery can leave small scars.

Signs and Symptoms:

Patchy hair loss on the scalp with visible scarring.
The scarred area may appear raised, uneven, or discolored.
Depending on the cause, there might be redness, flaking, or pus-filled bumps.

Treatment: Treatment for scalp scarring depends on the underlying cause and severity. Options may include:

Topical medications: Corticosteroids or retinoids may help reduce inflammation and scarring.
Surgical procedures: Scalp reduction or flap surgery can be used in some cases to excise scar tissue and promote hair growth in adjacent areas.
Microneedling: Tiny needles create microscopic injuries in the scalp, stimulating collagen production and potentially improving hair growth.

Disclaimer. Please consult a dermatologist for diagnosis and treatment options for scalp scarring.